Tharaka-Nithi County is one of the forty-seven (47) counties in Kenya created by the Constitution of Kenya, 2010. It is located in Kenya’s former Eastern Province and a home to the Chuka, Muthambi, Mwimbi and Tharaka people of the larger Ameru (Amiiru) community. The minority being Akamba, Mbeere and Aembu all from the neighbouring counties. The people are predominantly Christian with vast majority belonging to the Catholics, Presbyterian and Methodists denominations.
Tharaka Nithi was created after Meru District “Greater Meru” was broken up in 1992 into four districts namely: Meru Central, Meru North, Meru South (Nithi) and Tharaka with later two being combined as one to form Tharaka-Nithi District. The headquarters of the County is at Kathwana, a site selected for its centrality through consensus by delegates being an intersection of three constituencies (Maara, Tharaka and Chuka/Igamba-ng’ombe). Kathwana is along the Mate Road Ena and Ishiara en route to Tunyai, Nkubu and Meru.
The major economic activities include:
- tea and coffee planting
- subsistence crop farming
- subsistence dairy farming
- keeping of other livestock such as goats and sheep.