The Human Development Index (HDI) measures human development based on the basic factors of a long and healthy life, the acquisition of knowledge and a reasonable standard of living.
These factors are measured using the following indicators: Life expectancy at birth; adult literacy rate and the combined enrolment ratio at primary, and secondary and tertiary levels; and GDP per capita measured in purchasing power.
Human Development Index at National and County Levels
| ||Life Expectancy (yrs) ||Adult Literacy (%)||School Enrolment (%)||GDP (%)||HDI (%)|
Source: KNBS, Population and Housing Census, 2009
Life expectancy for the county is 63.7 years compared to 56.6 years at the national level.
The county literacy rate stands at 69.75% and the enrolment rate at 78.1% compared to the national rates at 71.4 and 70.5% respectively.
The HDI for Tharaka Nithi County mean score index is approximately 0.5533 compared with the national index at 0.5608.
An analysis poverty incidence by wards as depicted in table 11 below indicates that poverty incidence ranges between 0 per cent and 85 per cent with Ganga and Mitheru wards having the least poverty incidence of less than 15 per cent while Gatunga has the highest of between 21-31 per cent.
Poverty incidence by wards
|Wards ||Poverty incidence (%)||Poverty gap (%)|